Concerns about research reproducibility are present in many domains of biological and social sciences
The term reproducible research refers to the idea that the ultimate product of academic research is the paper along with the full computational environment used to produce the results in the paper such as the code, data, text files, etc., that can be used to reproduce the results and create new work based on the research.
Source: Goodman, S. N., Fanelli, D., & Ioannidis, J. P. A. (2016). What does research reproducibility mean? Science Translational Medicine, 8(341). doi: 10.1126/scitranslmed.aaf5027
Reproducibility refers to the ability of a researcher to duplicate the results of a prior study using the same materials as were used by the original investigator.
Source: Bollen, K., Cacioppo, J. T., Kaplan, R., Krosnick, J., & Olds, J. L. (2015). Social, behavioral, and economic sciences perspectives on robust and reliable science. Retrieved from https://www.nsf.gov/sbe/AC_Materials/SBE_Robust_and_Reliable_Research_Report.pdf