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Vermillion, South Dakota  

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Last Updated: Sep 13, 2016 URL: http://libguides.usd.edu/vermillion Print Guide RSS Updates

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Collection Summary

Title Vermillion, South Dakota
Span Dates 1880-2009
Bulk Dates (bulk dates, 1888-1980)
Quantity 1 linear ft.
Printed Material Printed Materials are located in Box 1.
Location     Archives and Special Collections, University Libraries, University of South Dakota.
Summary

The town received its name from the nearby river, derived from a Sioux name, Wase Wakpala, for “red stream,” that was later translated by fur traders to Vermillion. The town was founded in 1859, and the post office was established in April 1860. The articles of incorporation were not filed until 1862. Settlers began to arrive seven years later below the bluff, and the local government was organized by 1873.  At that time Vermillion was often referred to as “Vermillion-Under-The-Hill” or “Vermillion on the Bottom.” However, Vermillion suffered a devastating flood on March 27, 1881; the town was relocated, re-platted in 1884, and rebuilt on the bluff.

 The growth of the city flourished with the founding of the flagship institution for higher education in the state, the University of South Dakota, in 1862. USD is designated as the public liberal arts university in the state and is home to a large College of Arts and Sciences, a School of Education and the state’s only School of Law, School of Medicine, accredited School of Business and College of Fine Arts. The university attracted students, faculty, and staff into the area and aided in attracting businesses into the area. 

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