Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Biology

CSE Style Guide

Journal Articles and Books

For the in-text reference, use parentheses and list author(s) by surname followed by year of publication.

(Author(s) Year)

  • When there are 2 authors, separate the names by an "and"
  • When there are 3 or more authors, only write the first author's last name and follow it with "et al."

Example: https://usd.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00359-020-01410-0

In text citation: (Schillberg et al. 2020)

Book Chapters

Similar to journal articles and books, for the in-text reference, use parentheses and list author(s) by surname followed by year of publication. 

  • IF the book chapter has different authors than the book as a whole, the author name(s) you list are those who wrote the chapter

Journal Articles

For the end reference, list authors in the order in which they appear in the original text. The year of publication follows the author list. Use periods to separate each element, including author(s), date of publication, article and journal title, and volume or issue information. Location (usually the page range for the article) is preceded by a colon. Follow the location with a notes section. This is where you include the doi. 

AuthorLastName AuthorInitial, Date. Article title. Journal title. [date accessed];Volume(issue):location. Notes

Example: https://usd.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00359-020-01410-0

Citation: Schillberg P, Brill S, Nikolay P, Ferger R, Gerhard M, Führ H, Wagner H. 2020. Sound localization in barn owls studied with manipulated head-related transfer functions: beyond broadband interaural time and level differences. J Comp Physiol A. [accessed January 31, 2020]; 206:477–498.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00359-020-01410-0

 

Books

In the end reference, separate information about author(s), date, title, edition, and publication by periods. The basic format is as follows:

Author(s). Date. Title. Edition. Location of publication: publisher. Extent. Notes.

  • Extent can include information about pagination or number of volumes and is considered optional.
  • Notes can include information of interest to the reader, such as language of publication other than English; such notes are optional.

Example: https://usd-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/f/1ov3olg/01SDBOR_ALMA7125478070003641

Citation: Council of Science Editors. Style Manual Committee. 2014. Scientific style and format: the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers. 8th edition. Chicago (IL):Council of Science Editors in cooperation with the University of Chicago Press. 1-722.

 

You can search here for the standardised abbreviations used for words in scientific citations.

  • It is based on ISO 4.
  • It contains
    • the title words of periodicals identified by the ISSN Network, and
    • the corresponding abbreviations

You can search here for an incomplete list of journal abbrevations 

  • It is limited to journals referenced or indexed in the NCBI catalog

 

APA Style Guide

Journal Articles and Books

For the in-text reference, use parentheses and list author(s) by surname followed by year of publication. Separate the names and year with a comma)

(Author(s), Year)

  • When there are 2 authors, separate the names by an "&". Still include the comma between the last name and the year.
  • When there are 3 or more authors, only write the first author's last name and follow it with "et al." Include the comma after the period in et al.

Example: https://usd.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00359-020-01410-0

In text citation: (Schillberg et al., 2020)

Book Chapters

Similar to journal articles and books, for the in-text reference, use parentheses and list author(s) by surname followed by year of publication. 

  • IF the book chapter has different authors than the book as a whole, the author name(s) you list are those who wrote the chapter

Journal Articles

For the end reference, list authors in the order in which they appear in the original text. The year of publication follows the author list. Use periods to separate each element, including author(s), date of publication, article and journal title. Then separate the journal title, volume or issue information, and page range woth commas.. Location (usually the doi formatted as a URL) is preceded by a period.

Author1's LastName, Author1's initials. (Date). Article title. Journal title, Volume(issue), Page Range.DOI. 

Example: https://usd.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00359-020-01410-0

Citation: Schillberg, P., Brill, S., Nikolay, P., Ferger, R., Gerhard, M., Führ, H., & Wagner, H. (2020). Sound localization in barn owls studied with manipulated head-related transfer functions: Beyond broadband interaural time and level differences. Journal of Comparative Physiology A. 206477–498. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00359-020-01410-0

****This citation does not have an issue number so it only has a volume number

Books

In the end reference, separate information about author(s), date, title, edition, and publication by periods. The basic format is as follows:

Author1's LastName, Author1's initials. (Date). Title. Publisher. ​​​​​​​

Example: https://usd-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/f/183ctmt/TN_cdi_proquest_ebookcentral_EBC5844280 

Citation: Deiters, A. (2019). Optochemical biology. Elsevier Science & Technology.

This article from our catalog details the changes made from the 6th to the 7th edition of the APA Style Manual. Click on the title to be directed to the catalog record. From there, you can access the full text

The APA Publication Manual: Changes in the Seventh Edition

EndNote

EndNote

Consider using a citation management software, such as EndNote, to simplify the process of collecting, organizing, and formatting your citations. EndNote is available to USD faculty, staff, and students. The Libraries offers group instruction or individual consultation for EndNote.  For additional EndNote trainings, visit the EndNote Training Guide by Clarivate Analytics.

To download and get started using EndNote, please visit our EndNote LibGuide.

To cite CSE in EndNote, you have to download it and import it into EndNote. 

First, download CSE, 8th edition, Name-Year format into EndNote here 

Then follow the instructions in the handout below

EndNote

Consider using a citation management software, such as EndNote, to simplify the process of collecting, organizing, and formatting your citations. EndNote is available to USD faculty, staff, and students. The Libraries offers group instruction or individual consultation for EndNote.  For additional EndNote trainings, visit the EndNote Training Guide by Clarivate Analytics.

To download and get started using EndNote, please visit our EndNote LibGuide.

To cite APA 7th Edition in EndNote, you have to download it and import it into EndNote. 

First, download APA 7th edition- Annotated into EndNote by clicking here or follow the manual instructions in the handout

Then follow the instructions in the handout below

ORCID

ORCID

ORCID is a not-for-profit organization; its name is an acronym which stands for "Open Research and Contributor ID."  An ORCID identifier is a unique personal ID. Using an ORCID iD will uniquely distinguish you and your contributions whether you change your name, begin work at a different institution, move to another country, or retire. 

Creating your ORCID profile:

  • Registering for an ORCID iD is free.  Go to https://orcid.org/register 
  • You should receive a welcome message from ORCID which asks you to verify your e-mail address.
  • Fill in the Biography information (e.g., employment, education, membership and services, funding, works, etc.).  
  • Select your visibility and notification settings.
  • You can link DOI's and grant numbers to your ORCID iD.

Connect other identifiers 

Unlike other closed systems, for-profit researcher profiles, ORCID works well with a variety of other systems. Connect your ORCID iD with: 

  • ResearcherID
  • Scopus Author Identifier
  • Other systems can speak with ORCID. These include: MyNCBI, Faculty of 1000, Elsevier publishing, etc. 
Footer for USD LibGuide v2.0