The United States Congress or a state legislature may grant certain powers through "enabling statutes" to executive departments or regulatory agencies. These powers include mplementing or enforcing a legislative scheme. Departments or agencies may have the ability to create rules or regulations, and/or hear disputes arising under statutes and issue decisions. Agency rules, regulations and decisions are subject to review by the courts. See Amy E. Sloan, Basic Legal Research 237 (4th ed. 2009).