The College of DuPage and the University of Rhode Island are examples of higher-education institutions that have articulated comprehensive information literacy plans.
Embedded librarians accompany students through an entire course and provide research instruction and assistance on an ongoing basis.
Course-integrated, course- and assignment-specific library instruction, as described on the library web site of the University of Massachusetts-Boston, is a typical form of information literacy instruction in contemporary higher education.
Like the University of South Dakota, some universities integrate information literacy instruction into general-education or first-year-experience courses to teach essential skills beginning in the freshman year. James Madison University integrates information literacy into a first-year-experience cluster.
Discipline-specific information literacy instruction typically occurs in upper-division courses and is embedded in students' major course of study. The Association of College & Research Libraries is in the process of developing discipline-specific information literacy standards.