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Public Health Resources: What is a Peer-Reviewed (Scholarly) Journal?

Journal and Article Types

"Peer review"
refers to the policy of having experts in the field examine journal articles before acceptance for publication. Peer review ensures that the research described in a journal's articles is sound and of high quality. 

“Refereed” means that either the author, reviewers, or both are "blind" to each other during the review process. This means the author does not know specifically who is reviewing their work, and/or the reviewer does not know who the author is prior to acceptance for publication. Ulrich's International Periodicals Directory is a trusted listing of refereed journals. If a journal in question is not on Ulrich’s list, examine the physical journal or journal website for its editorial policy, instructions to authors, and/or submission or publication requirements to help determine if the journal is peer reviewed or refereed. 

 *All refereed work is peer-reviewed, but not all peer-reviewed work is refereed.*

Subject Guide

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Shelie Vacek
Wegner Health Sciences Library
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