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Review Writing in Health and Medicine

Overview: Rapid Reviews

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"Rapid reviews are a form of evidence synthesis that may provide more timely information for decision making compared with standard systematic reviews."  [...] rapid reviews 'are literature reviews that use methods to accelerate or streamline traditional systematic review processes' in order to meet the needs and timelines of the end-users (e.g., 'government policymakers, health care institutions, health professionals, and patient associations')"(Hartling, Guise, & Hempel, 2016)(Ganann, Ciliska, & Thomas, 2010).

Hartling L, Guise JM, Hempel S, et al. EPC Methods: AHRQ End-User Perspectives of Rapid Reviews [Internet]. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); 2016 Apr. Available from:

Ganann, R., Ciliska, D., & Thomas, H. (2010). Expediting systematic reviews: methods and implications of rapid reviews. Implementation science : IS5, 56. doi:10.1186/1748-5908-5-56


Additional Resources:

  • Grant, M. J., & Booth, A. (2009). A typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. Health Info Libr J, 26(2), 91-108. doi:10.1111/j.1471-1842.2009.00848.x
  • Hartling, L., Guise, J. M., Kato, E., Anderson, J., Belinson, S., Berliner, E., . . . Whitlock, E. (2015). A taxonomy of rapid reviews links report types and methods to specific decision-making contexts. J Clin Epidemiol, 68(12), 1451-1462 e1453. Retrieved from doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2015.05.036
  • Khangura, S., Konnyu, K., Cushman, R., Grimshaw, J., & Moher, D. (2012). Evidence summaries: the evolution of a rapid review approach. Systematic Reviews, 1(1), 10. doi:10.1186/2046-4053-1-10
  • Maureen Dobbins, R., PhD. (2017). Rapid Review Guidebook: Steps for conducting a rapid review.
  • Tricco, A. C., Antony, J., Zarin, W., Strifler, L., Ghassemi, M., Ivory, J., . . . Straus, S. E. (2015). A scoping review of rapid review methods. BMC Med, 13, 224. doi:10.1186/s12916-015-0465-6
  • World Health Organization, A. f. H. P. a. S. R. (2017). Rapid reviews to strengthen health policy and systems: a practical guide (E. V. L. a. S. E. S. Andrea C. Tricco Ed.).
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