Structural elements like plot, characters, symbolism, etc. are the building blocks from which authors construct texts. Formalists consider how structural elements of the text contribute to the author’s message. Use the Elements of Literature Checklist to keep track of the elements of texts and how they're used.
Use the Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms to look up terms to enhance your reading and writing of literary criticism.
The Library's Oxford Reference provides database access to valuable reference works on American, British, and other literatures.
Postmodern criticism recognizes that literature is social and can be understood from multiple points of view. It seeks inclusiveness, opening the discussion to both dominant and minority voices. Use the "Literary Theories: A Sampling of Critical Lenses" page to learn about postmodern approaches to literature.
The Dictionary of Literary Biographyprovides authoritative information while placing writers in the larger perspective of literary history. Signed essays written by scholars provide essential context for understanding the careers and writings of more than 12,000 authors from all time periods and from all parts of the world.
The Dictionary of Literary Biographyis located in Circulating Reference and has the call number PN451 .D57.