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Scholarly Communication & Publishing: Preprints

Information concerning Open Access, copyright, predatory publishers, impact factors, altmetrics, author rights, public access policy and data management plans.

Definitions

Preprint

"...a complete and public draft of a scientific document. Preprints are typically unreviewed manuscripts written in the style of a peer-reviewed journal article. Scientists issue preprints to speed dissemination, establish priority, obtain feedback, and offset publication bias."

https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/not-od-17-050.html

 

Postprint

An author’s final manuscript, which has been peer-reviewed (if applicable to the publisher's policies).  It has not, however, been copyedited nor does it reflect any layout by the publisher in preparation for publication. 

 

Preregistered Protocol

"where a scientist publicly declares key elements of their research protocol in advance. Preregistration can help scientists enhance the rigor of their work."

https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/not-od-17-050.html

Preprint Repositories

Preprint Policies

Self-Archiving

Preprints and postprints (also called the author's final manuscript or author's accepted manuscript) can be posted in repositories (i.e., RED, PubMed Central).  Often, researchers can share and/or retain the rights to these versions of their manuscript.

Sherpa Romeo can assist researchers in understanding their rights for archiving these versions of their manuscript and understanding publishers' policies.

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